Inclusions are internal and external flaws used to help grade diamond clarity. Learn about diamond grading and inclusions at americangemsociety.org Jewelry Association | Top Jewelers, Diamond Education
Diamond Inclusions
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Clarity characteristics in diamonds are classified into two types: inclusions which are internal, confined to the inside of the diamond, and blemishes, which are external characteristics that are on the surface of the diamond.

AGS Rock Stars note: Blemishes typically have less impact on the clarity of a diamond than inclusions.

Inclusions usually form in diamonds as a result of the tremendous heat and pressure deep in the earth, where diamonds form, or are caused by their violent journey to the surface of the earth caused by volcanic eruptions. These events can cause irregularities in the atomic structure of the diamond.

Blemishes are the surface features on a polished diamond that are usually a result of the polishing process, or wear and tear on the diamond.

Diamond graders use their expertise to analyze the size, nature, number, location, and relief of the inclusions and blemishes to decide what clarity grade is most appropriate for your diamond.

How are diamonds graded?

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Mission Statement

The American Gem Society (AGS) is a nonprofit trade association of fine jewelry professionals dedicated to setting, maintaining and promoting the highest standards of ethical conduct and professional behavior through education, accreditation, recertification of its membership, gemological standards, and gemological research.

The Society is committed to providing educational products to inform and protect the consumer and to contributing to the betterment of the trade by creating industry standards to protect the jewelry-buying public and the fine jewelry industry as a whole.

AGS Laboratories, founded to support the AGS mission, is a nonprofit diamond grading laboratory with a mission of consumer protection. Adhering to the AGS Diamond Grading Standards, AGS Laboratories is dedicated to offering diamond grading reports that provide consistency and accuracy based on science.

American Gem Society

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